This study gathers ecological information on the populations of this species in the protected area of Wadi El-Gemal. This includes their distribution, habitat description, and the anthropogenic threats they are facing. Individual features are described using the photo ID technique. Therefore, in this work, we have evaluated the most appropriate conservation strategies using estimates of population size, distribution, and threats.
The number of resorts in Marsa Alam increased and the occurrence of two Harbours with many dailies and safari boats that visit the dugong area for diving and snorkelling trips. All these activities increase the human impact on the dugong. The aim of his study is to assess the dugong behaviour, ecology and the effect of tourism activities on the dugong in Marsa Alam. Public awareness and guidelines will be conducted among divers and snorkelling guides as well as the tourists.
Analysis of feeding trails is used to estimate the number of dugong individuals visited each site at diﬀerent times. Diﬀerent in feeding trail width is related to dugong muzzle width as well, it can distinguish between the old and young calves of narrow feeding trials close to that of a larger animal presumably their Mum. The relation between the muzzle width, body length, and width of feeding trails will be examined.